The human body uses sugar as energy to survive and to meet the needs for its basic function; The food that we eat everyday is broken down to sugar in the body – long and complex sugars called polysaccharides are converted into short and simple sugars such as glucose, called monosaccharide; glucose is a great source of energy or fuel for the body. Although the body needs sugar as energy, an excess of this fuel can be harmful. The body can store some of these fuels in a form that offers muscles an immediate source of energy. Carbohydrates, such as sugar and starch, for example, are readily broken down into glucose, the body’s principal energy source. Anytime you fill your body with more fuel than it actually needs, your liver’s glucose storage capacity is exceeded. When the liver storage for sugar reaches its full capacity, the excess sugar is converted by the liver into fatty acids, then returned to the bloodstream where it is taken throughout the body and stored as fat to popular regions of the stomach, hips, buttocks, and breasts.
In order for the human body to use glucose intake as energy, it needs insulin to help transport glucose into the cells, particularly the muscle cells. Insulin is an hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreas which is a gland in the gastrointestinal system. When the insulin levels are spiked, the body’s fat burning process shut down so that the sugar that has just been ingested can be immediately used for energy. Then, insulin takes all that sugar and puts it into the muscles. As soon as the muscles energy stores are full, the excess sugars are converted to fat and stored as adipose tissue on the waistline, just like the fatty acids released from the liver. Refined sugar is linked to obesity; it is also linked to glucose intolerance, a state of elevated blood glucose known as hyperglycemia despite adequate level of insulin available for glucose transportation into the cells. Hyperglycemia is a hallmark sign of diabetes and pre-diabetes.
Diabetes type 2, is a group of metabolic diseases in which blood sugar levels are high over a prolonged period of time; it is known as insulin resistant, when the pancreas produce enough insulin, but the body doesn’t use it well, or insulin insufficiency, when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
According to research findings, it is estimated that 86 million people in the U.S have pre-diabetes, a condition that puts them at risk for developing type 2 diabetes and related complications. Their blood glucose is not normal, but not high enough to become diabetic.
Hyperglycemia is linked to the development of long-term diabetes complications, which include heart and blood vessel disease, tooth and gum disease, retinopathy or eye disease, neuropathy or nerve damage, nephropathy or kidney disease, foot and skin problems, Acute complications include diabetic keto-acidosis and non-ketotic hyper-osmolar coma. Symptoms of hyperglycemia include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger.
A diagnosis of pre-diabetes is used to be made when a person’s fasting blood glucose level was between 110 mg/dl and 126 mg/dl. However, in 2004, the American Diabetes Association adopted an international expert committee’s recommendation on diabetes: Diagnosing pre-diabetes when a person’s fasting blood glucose level is 100 mg/dl.
In a pre-diabetes state, modification of life style is encouraged in order to prevent or delay the onset of diabetes. It is vital to practice weight control by reducing calories in diet, and engaging in regular exercise; maintaining blood glucose levels within a normal range is the most important step one can take in preventing diabetes type 2 and related complications. Also, teaming up with your medical providers and complying to medical regimen is crucial in the fight against diabetes type 2.
Joining forces with the world of medicine, the herbal and wellness field as well as folk medicine in home remedy endorse the fact that tea for centuries has been the second most popular drink in the world next to water.They support that some of that popularity may be due to the many widely recognized health benefits of tea for different ailments including hyperglycemia.
It is believed that all teas are beneficial in reducing blood glucose, but green tea is the winner; it contains a higher level of polyphenols since it is prepared from unfermented leaves; polyphenols, an antioxidant found in every plant, help reduce oxidative stress and cause blood vessels to dilate, leading to reduction of heart disease, a risk factor of diabetes; polyphenols in green tea helps sensitize cells so they are better able to process blood sugar, helps the metabolic system function better, and prevents diabetes type 2. Black tea contains less polyphenols than Green tea, but it is found that the more orange the color the more polyphenols or antioxidants it contains.
The Diabetes and Metabolism Journal outlined, in a research review published in 2013, the potential benefits of tea in diabetes as well in obesity; they reported that people who drank 6 or more cups of green tea a day were 33 percent less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than were people who drank less than a cup of green tea a week. Researches have noted that people who drank green tea regularly for more than a decade had smaller waists and a lower body fat composition than those who weren’t regular consumers of green tea. (http://www.everydayhealth.com/news/drinking-tea-diabetes-prevention/)
Thus, preventing hyperglycemia is not a mission that has to do with conventional medicine alone, it’s also important in simple folk’ as well in natural medicine. in the fight against diabetes type 2, research findings have indicated that drinking several cups of herbal green tea every day may contribute in the maintenance of a healthy metabolic state, a normal blood glucose level, or in the prevention of hyperglycemia.